WISH and HOPE are two very similar verbs and are generally used to talk about something that we would like to be or to have, or that we would like to happen in the future. HOPE can also be used to talk about something that we would have liked (in the past) to have happened, but which didn’t happen.
- WISH is normally used for hypothetical (imaginary) situations. Note: ‘Wish’ is put into the Present Tense, whilst the second verb is in the Past.
- I wish that I had a dog. (I don’t have a dog, but if I did, I would be happy.)
- I wish (that) you were here. (I’m sad that you’re not here.)
- WISH is also used to send greetings for a pleasant or festive occasion in the near future.
- We wish you a Merry Christmas
- They wished him Happy Birthday
- Form: Present Simple: I hope that I have a really good holiday this year.
- Form: Past Continuous: I was hoping to go to Florida this summer. (But I didn’t go)
- Form: Past Perfect: I had hoped to be Manager this year. (But it didn’t happen)
- I hope you can come to the party on Saturday. (I would like you to come.)
- I was hoping that you would come to the party. (But sadly you didn’t come.)
- I had hoped to see you at the party on Saturday. (But I didn’t see you.)
- I hope to get an A on the exam. (I really want to get an A.)
- I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow. (Although it might rain.)
- She had hoped you wouldn’t find her. (But unfortunately for her, you did find her.)
Here, WISH is formal and HOPE is informal.
- I wish to see a doctor. (Meaning, I want to see a doctor right now.)
- I hope we see each other again soon. (I would like us to meet again sometime in the near future.)