Verb TO BE – Present Tense

We use the verb TO BE :
  • to say who we are: I’m Susie and I’m English.
  • to greet someone: Hello, how are you today?
  • to describe things: My car is a blue Jaguar.
  • to talk about the time: It’s two o’clock in the afternoon.
  • to talk about the weather: It’s a sunny day today.
  • to say where something is: London is in the south of England.
  • to say how old someone is: My brother is eighteen years old.



AFFIRMATIVE Full Form Contraction
Singular I am I’m
you are you’re
he / she / it is he’s / she’s / it’s
Plural we are we’re
you are you’re
they are they’re
NEGATIVE Full Form Contraction
Singular I am not I’m not
you are not you’re not
he / she / it is not he’s / she’s / it isn’t
Plural we are not we’re not
you are not you aren’t
they are not they aren’t
INTERROGATIVE Affirmative Negative
Singular am I? aren’t I?
are you? aren’t you?
is he / she / it? isn’t he / she / it?
Plural are we? aren’t we?
are you? aren’t you?
are they? aren’t they?


In spoken English we normally use contractions.
For example: He’s my friend / She’s my sister / I’m from London / You’re Spanish.
BUT – we do NOT use contractions in the Interrogative affirmative.

Related Content:
Learn English – Verb To Be

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