Paradigms of Irregular Verbs.


Paradigm /ˈpærədaɪm /
is the name given to the three parts of a verb.

These three parts are:
the infinitive, the preterite (past simple) and the past participle.

 
There are four different types of paradigm, one for regular verbs and three for irregular verbs.

  • For all Regular verbs the Past Participle is the same as the Past Simple. Just add ED to the base form of the verb. (Base form = Infinitive without to.) For example: Live, Lived, Lived.
  • The Irregular verbs are not the same and we must learn them from memory. There are three types of paradigm for irregular verbs:
    1. All three parts are different. For example: See, Saw, Seen.
    2. Two parts are the same. For example: Sit, Sat, Sat.
    3. All three parts are the same. For example: Cut, Cut, Cut.
  • Here are the paradigms of 35 often used irregular verbs in English

    Infinitive Preterite Past Participle
    to be was been
    to become became become
    to bite bit bitten
    to blow blew blown
    to bring brought brought
    to buy bought bought
    to catch caught caught
    to do did done
    to eat ate eaten
    to fall fell fallen
    to fly flew flown
    to forget forgot forgotten
    to get got got
    to go went gone
    to grow grew grown
    to have had had
    to leave left left
    to light lit lit
    to lose lost lost
    to make made made
    to meet met met
    to pay paid paid
    to rise rose risen
    to run ran run
    to say said said
    to see saw seen
    to sit sat sat
    to sing sang sung
    to sleep slept slept
    to take took taken
    to teach taught taught
    to think thought thought
    to wear wore worn
    to win won won
    to write wrote written

     

    Related Content:

    Wikipedia – Paradigm.
    Reverso Conjugator – Irregular Verbs.
    British Council – the Present Perfect Tense.
     

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